The Institute for Analytical Research (IFAR) was founded in 2004 as a research institution. The institute is mainly active in the fields of trace analysis and structure elucidation. An essential focus is the organic trace analysis in aqueous samples. A broad spectrum of analytical and technological methods is developed and applied in our laboratories. Our laboratory equipment is state-of-the-art and is geared towards the implementation of separation methods, especially chromatography. IFAR participates in numerous national and international analytical committees and research teams.
IFAR’s equipment is extensive and serves a wide range of analytical problems. Our instrument pool includes:
IFAR has several laboratories for sample preparation and measurement. The spectrum of measurable substances is extensive. Validated analytical methods are available, also for routine investigations. Measurable substances include:
Potential SVHC in environment and products: Measurements on the presence of potentially SVHC in environment and products
This project collected data on Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) in the environment and products. Particular attention was paid to persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) substances. The results of this study can be used as a basis for legal regulations, the authorisations under REACH, but also for regulations on imported articles.
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction and Reactor Safety/Federal Environmental Agency (research code: 3716644300)
July 22, 2016 to June 30, 2019
Investigations on the occurrence and behaviour of precursor compounds of perfluorinated chemicals (PFC) in the environment in preparation of regulatory measures
Perfluorinated and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFC), which include perfluorinated sulfonic acids (PFSA) and perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCA), are found in many industrial and consumer products due to their water and soil-repellent properties. PFSAs and PFCAs, in particular, are environmentally relevant due to their persistence and potential for bioaccumulation. Thus, their use is to be restricted by regulatory measures. Laboratory experiments have shown that some compounds can be converted to PFCAs and PFSAs by abiotic and biotic transformation processes. Such compounds are called precursor compounds.
The project investigated how precursor compounds contribute to the occurrence of PFCAs and PFSAs in the environment and provided data on their persistence and behaviour in the environment.
With the collected data, it was possible to estimate the relevant contribution to the environmental impact of PFCAs and PFSAs. New analytical methods were developed to determine the concentrations of the precursor compounds in different environmental compartments.
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety/German Environment Agency (research code: 3712654151)
June 01, 2012 to May 31, 2015
Determination of exposure pathways of perfluorinated and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFC) through the use of PFC containing products – Assessment of the risk for humans and the environment
Perfluorinated and polyfluorinated chemicals (PFC) are found in many industrial and consumer products due to their water and soil-repellent properties.
PFCs are persistent and have to be classified as environmentally relevant. During the manufacture and use of products containing PFCs, the chemicals can be released into the environment, they can be distributed globally, and are ubiquitously detectable in the environment.
The investigations of this research project were carried out on outdoor jackets.
The analyzed contents of PFCs in the textiles, the discharges and discharges from impregnation detergents and sprays, as well as interior air measurements, provided the data for an estimation of the exposure pathways, which were calculated by modelling. This made it possible to draw conclusions about human exposure that influenced the regulation of PFC-containing substances.
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety/German Environmental Agency (research code: 371163418)
June 27, 2011 to June 30, 2013
Publication on the project
Christoph Gremmel, Tobias Frömel, Thomas P. Knepper: Systematic determination of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in outdoor jackets. Chemosphere 160 (2016) 173–180
PROTECT (Persistent mobile organic chemicals in the aquatic environment: Sources, occurrence and technical processes for their removal in the drinking water supply) FKZ: 02WRS1495B
Water is an essential resource of our planet. However, the discharge of man-made, persistent and mobile organic chemicals (PM substances) into the environment threats the quality of water and thus not only the aquatic environment, but also human health.
Persistent and mobile substances are particularly difficult to remove in partially closed water cycles where they can reach drinking water. However, existing analytical methods do not fully cover this class of substances. Hence, only very limited knowledge is available on the extent to which PM-substances do indeed reach from wastewater to raw or even drinking water. While PM-substances therefore pose a risk to the drinking water supply on the one hand, knowledge about their fate in the entire water cycle is very limited on the other hand.
Based on the results of the previous research project PROMOTE, a consortium of six partners will apply novel analytical methods that are dedicated to very polar, mobile compounds to screen for PM-substances in all compartments of the water cycle and to monitor the efficacy of natural and technical barriers (wastewater treatment, subsurface passage, drinking water treatment) in removing PM-substances. PM-substances are most critical, if they are also toxic (PMT-substances). Therefore, prominent PM-substances will be evaluated for their toxicity and ecotoxicity. Simultaneously, technologies for the removal of PM-substances from raw water used for drinking water production will be studied in full-scale for their removal of PM-substances and innovative procedures, like membrane separation, will be developed in lab scale. The consideration of the whole water cycle and the combination with improved removal technologies will eventually allow the recommendation of a set of mitigation measures to reduce the risk that PM-substances pose to water resources. Highest priority will be given to PMT-substances.
This project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research and is part of the RiSKWa funding measure within the framework program of FONA.
February 01, 2019 to January 01, 2022
Publication on the project
Zahn D, Neuwald I, Knepper TP: Analysis of mobile chemicals in the aquatic environment—current capabilities, limitations and future perspectives. Anal Bioanal Chem (2020) https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-020-02520-z
MiWa (Microplastics in the water cycle – sampling, sample preparation, analytics, occurrence, removal, and assessment,subproject A3: Relevance of sorption of organic pollutants on microplastics and analytical determination of microplastics by infrared spectroscopy) FKZ: 02WRS1378
The aim of this joint project was to elucidate the existence and extent of potential impacts, associated with the usage of plastics, on humans and the environment.
Previous research on the occurrence and effects of microplastics (MP) in marine areas and in freshwater ecosystems were available, but could only be evaluated to a limited extent regarding number, volume, mass concentrations, and size distribution of MP. The reason for this was a lack of uniform methods for sampling water and sediments, sample preparation to separate MP particles from other solids, analysis of plastic types, and analysis of particle sizes. Large gaps in knowledge were also present in the (eco-)toxicological characterisation and ecological or health assessment of MP in treated wastewater, surface water, groundwater, and drinking water.
This BMBF-funded project was an attempt to develop a uniform methodology for determining the abundance of MP in freshwater, wastewater treatment, and drinking water treatment plants. Initially, the focus was on synthetic polymers, which were expected to make a relevant contribution to MP pollution. Synthetic polymers are thermoplastics from the packaging and consumer goods sector, including PE, PP, PET and PS, as well as thermoplastics for fibre applications (PET, PA). In addition, polymers from tyre abrasion (SBR, BR) should also be analyzed specifically, as a comparatively high emission source was also to be expected for the freshwater sector.
During the project, several analytical methods based on different techniques were established and harmonized for the detection of the type and amount of MP in environmental samples. These included spectroscopic methods (FTIR, Raman), thermoanalytical methods (TGA-FTIR/MS, TED-GC-MS) as well as trace analytical methods for inorganic components (ICP-MS). The aim was to compare the developed methods within the project and to derive conclusions for the appropriate field of application.
Using the harmonized sampling and analysis techniques, different environmental systems, including a densely populated urban area, were specifically investigated for sources, sinks, and the persistence of MP.
To evaluate the microplastic problem, toxicological and ecotoxicological studies were carried out to characterise the effects of MP in test systems. Furthermore, the interaction of microplastics with “classical” pollutants via sorption and desorption processes was also considered.
The aim of the MiWa network was achieved: It carried out an initial, comprehensible, comprehensive evaluation of the identified problem area MP in the anthropogenically influenced water cycle, which is necessary for the various legal requirements.
Eleven partners were involved in this joint project. The coordination was carried out by the Technische Universität Berlin.
Federal Ministry of Education and Research under the funding measure: Risk management of new pollutants and pathogens in the water cycle in the funding area: Sustainable water management
March 01,2016 to August 31, 2019
Publications on the project
Huppertsberg H, Zahn D, Pauelsen F, Reemtsma T, Knepper TP: Making waves: Water-soluble polymers in the aquatic environment: An overlooked class of synthetic polymers? Water Res 181:115931 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.115931
Hanslik L, Sommer C, Huppertsberg S, Dittmar S, Knepper TP, Braunbeck T: Microplastic-associated trophic transfer of benzo(k)fluoranthene in a limnic food web: Effects and alterations in freshwater invertebrates (Daphnia magna, Chironomus riparius) and zebrafish (Danio rerio). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C (2020) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2020.108849
Schmieg H, Huppertsberg S, Knepper TP, Krais S, Reitter K, Rezbach F, Ruhl AS, Köhler HR, Triebskorn R: Polystyrene microplastics do not affect juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta f. fario) or modulate effects of the pesticide methiocarb. Environ Sci Eur 49 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1186/s12302-020-00327-4
Huppertsberg S, Knepper TP: Validation of an FT-IR microscopy method for the determination of microplastic particles in surface waters. MethodsX 7:100874 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2020.100874
Triebskorn R, Braunbeck T, Grummt T, Hanslik L, Huppertsberg S, Jekel M, Knepper TP, Krais S, Müller YK, Pittroff M, Ruhl AS, Schmieg H, Schür C, Strobel C, Wagner M, Zumbülte N, KohleHR: Relevance of nano- and microplastics for freshwater ecosystems: A critical review. Trends Anal. Chem. 110:375-392 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2018.11.023
Huppertsberg S, Knepper, TP: Instrumental analysis of microplastics—benefits and challenges. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 410(25):6343–6352 (2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-018-1210-8
Klein S, Dimzon IKD, Eubeler J, Knepper TP: Analysis, Occurrence, and Degradation of Microplastics in the Aqueous Environment. In: The Handbook of Env. Chem. Vol. 58: Freshwater Microplastics: Emerging Environmental Contaminants?, Wagner, M., Lambert, S., (Eds.) Springer, 51-67, (2018), eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science Print ISBN 978-3-319-61614-8 Online ISBN 978-3-319-61615-5 Series Print ISSN 1867-979X Series Online ISSN 1616-864X https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61615-5_3
Knepper TP: Analysis, fate and effects of microplastics in the environment: Preface to article collection. In: TRAC-TRENDS IN ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY Vol. 121. By Barcelo D, Knepper T, (2019) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2019.115671
Knepper TP: Books and software in review: Wagner, Scott Lambert (Eds.): Freshwater microplastics:emerging environmental contaminants?: Anal. Biol. Chem. 410(25):6337-6338 (2018) https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-018-1203-7
PROMOTE (Protecting Water Resources from Mobile Trace Chemicals – JPI Water joint project, subproject 2) FKZ: 02WU1347B
The joint project investigated occurrence, distribution, input, and persistence of highly polar organic chemicals (MOC) in the water cycle.
“PROMOTE” stands for “Protection of water resources from mobile and persistent organic trace substances”. Persistent MOCs (PMOCs) are potentially present in drinking water due to their physico-chemical properties. There was hardly any data available on the occurrence of PMOC in the water cycle due to a lack of suitable analytical methods. This made a well-founded risk assessment or regulation of these chemicals impossible.
The research project therefore aimed to develop suitable methods for the analysis of PMOC in aquatic systems. These methods now serve the purpose of searching for unknown or already identified potential PMOC based on REACH data, quantifying them, evaluating the effectiveness of water treatment processes for PMOC, and investigating the input of PMOC, either by direct emission or by transformation of other chemicals.
A total of 13 partners worked together on this project, six of which were associated.
The project was funded under the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) Water “Water Challenges for a Changing World” of the BMBF in the funding guideline “Anthropogenic pollutants and pathogens in the water cycle”.
January 01, 2015 to February 28, 2018
Publication on the project
Daniel Zahn, Dr. Tobias Frömel, Dr. Thomas P. Knepper: Halogenated methanesulfonic acids: A new class of organic micropollutants in the water cycle.
Final version published online: 5-JUN-2016
Water Research (2016), pp. 292-299 DOI information: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.05.082
CommAqua (Impact of water quality on community aquaculture: Target and non-target analysis of emerging substances and transformation products) FKZ: 01DP14028
Hochschule Fresenius initiated the CommAqua project under the direction of Professor Thomas Knepper. This project investigated the impact of water quality on aquaculture using target and non-target analysis of organic trace substances and their transformation products. Hochschule Fresenius collaborated with Professor Fabian M. Dayrit from Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines, a long-time cooperating partner.
Over a period of two years, scientists investigated the water quality of freshwater Lake Palakpakin, one of seven lakes around San Pablo, Laguna, in the Philippines. The lake is of great importance for the region and its fishing industry.
By means of target and non-target analysis, new and comprehensive knowledge about organic water constituents was gained, fish toxicities determined, and degradation studies carried out. The scientific exchange between students and scientists from Hochschule Fresenius and Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU) was of great importance.
The research cooperation benefited from Hochschule Fresenius’s special know-how in analyzing environmental pollutants and their transformation products. 300 individual substances, including pesticides, industrial chemicals, and pharmaceuticals, were investigated using existing analysis programs. The scientists also carried out analyzes of previously little-known organic pollutants in Philippine waters. This enabled the sources of the pollutants to be identified and targeted degradation studies to be carried out with identified substances. On this basis, local fish farmers were advised, and the input of identified compounds was minimized.
The project was funded under the Federal Ministry of Education and Research’s call for proposals to promote Scientific and Technological Cooperation (STC) with developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region and the Latin America and Caribbean region.
November 01, 2014 to October 31, 2016
Publication on the project:
Ian Ken D. Dimzon, Ann Selma Morata, Janine Müller, Roy Kristian Yanel, Stephan Lebertz , Heike Weil, Teresita R. Perez, Jutta Müller, Fabian M. Dayrit, Thomas P. Knepper: Trace organic chemical pollutants from the lake waters of San Pablo City,Philippines by targeted and non-targeted analysis
SYSTEM is a three-year project co-funded within the Horizon 2020 Programme. SYSTEM stands for “SYnergy of integrated Sensors and Technologies for urban sEcured environment” and is coordinated by Fondazione FORMIT.
The main objective of the transnational European initiative is to develop and test a customised sensing system for hazardous substances detection in complementary utility networks and public environments. For ensuring greater protection of citizens, the innovative monitoring and observing of fused data sources will be tested in seven urban areas.
The SYSTEM Consortium, composed by 22 partner organizations from Belgium, Germany, Italy, Poland, Slovak Republic, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, includes four law enforcement authorities (RaCIS – Arma dei Carabinieri, Bundeskriminalamt Kriminaltechnisches Institut, Centralne Laboratorium Kryminalistyczne Policji, Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic), three utility network operators (Acea ATO 2 SpA, Acqualatina S.p.A., BVS a.s.), five scientific/academic partners (Universität der Bundeswehr München, Hochschule Fresenius gGmbH, Warsaw University of Technology, Ustav Hydrologie Slovenskej Akademie Vied, Vrije University Belgium), two industrial partners (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., RESI Informatica S.p.A.), four small and medium enterprises (Blue Technologies sp. Z o.o., CapSenze Biosystem AB, SENSICHIPS Srl, T4i Engineering Ltd), two research foundation/no profit organizations (Fondazione FORMIT, ISEM – Inštitút pre medzinárodnú bezpečnosť a krízover riadenie), one association (Observatory on Security and CBRNe Defence), and one municipality (Roma Capitale). Additional law enforcement authorities, utility network operators and municipalities have already provided their commitment to support testing and demonstration of innovative technologies.
September 01, 2018 to August 31, 2021
PERFORCE3 ist ein von der EU gefördertes multinationales Forschungsprojekt zur Fördermaßnahme: Marie-Skłodowska-Curie-Maßnahmen, Innovative Training Networks (ITN) zur strukturierten Doktorandenausbildung in Netzwerken aus mehreren europäischen Einrichtungen.
Mehr über das Projekt
The ITN (Innovative Training Network) PERFORCE3 (PER and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) towards the Future Of Research and its Communication in Europe 3) is a Europe-wide multi-partner doctoral research training programme in the field of PFASs contaminants coordinated by Stockholm University and funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under its Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions. PFASs comprise more than 4’700 substances and are of high global concern due to poorly defined risks to the environment and human health. PERFORCE3 will greatly improve the understanding of these globally pervasive contaminants, find solutions for PFAS contamination problems and improve environmental and human health risk assessment frameworks and policies.
The ITN PERFORCE3 brings together world leaders in a range of disciplines (physical, synthetic, environmental and analytical chemistry, pharmacokinetics, epidemiology, toxicology, remediation science and chemical policy) with state-of-the-art technologies, providing high quality doctoral training and research environments to 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESRs). The training includes independent research work in individual yet interlinked research projects and a well-structured training programme including technical and professional transferable skills courses, network meetings and workshops as well as lab visits and secondments. Participation in PERFORCE3 will equip young scientists with research and transferable skills and competences, while fostering their creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship and boosting their career perspectives through international, interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral mobility opportunities.
Hochschule Fresenius trains one PHD.
The project is funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under its Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
January 01, 2020 to December 31, 2023
ECO (Environmental Chemoinformation) aimed to establish a transnational graduate school within a European network. Through a Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN), young scientists were trained in the implementation of the EU regulations related to REACH (registration, evaluation, authorization, restriction of chemicals).
Hochschule Fresenius offered training courses for short-term and long-term researchers and organized a winter school.
Dr Ian Ken Dimzon researched and completed his doctorate on polymers and their degradation products in the aquatic environment in the IFAR laboratories as part of the ECO project.
In this EU project, seven partners and twelve associated partners worked together.
October 01, 2009 to September 30, 2013
Publications on the project
Llorca, M.; Farre, M.; Sanchez-Melsio, A.; Villagrasa, M.; Knepper, T. P.; Barcelo, D., Perfluoroalkyl phosphonic acids adsorption behaviour and removal by wastewater organisms. Sci. Total. Environ. 2018, 636, 273-281.
Dimzon, I. K.; Frömel, T.; Knepper, T. P., Characterization of 3-Aminopropyl Oligosilsesquioxane. Anal. Chem. 2016, 88 (9), 4894-902.
Dimzon, I. K.; Trier, X.; Frömel, T.; Helmus, R.; Knepper, T. P.; de Voogt, P., High Resolution Mass Spectrometry of Polyfluorinated Polyether-Based Formulation. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2016, 27 (2), 309-18.
Dimzon, I. K. D. Analytical and Statistical Approaches in the Characterization of Synthetic Polymers. University of Amsterdam, 2015.
Dimzon, I. K.; Knepper, T. P., Degree of Deacetylation of Chitosan by Infrared Spectroscopy and Partial Least Squares. Int J Biol Macromol 2014, 72, 939-945.
Ieromina, O.; Peijnenburg, W. J.; de Snoo, G.; Müller, J.; Knepper, T. P.; Vijver, M. G., Impact of imidacloprid on Daphnia magna under different food quality regimes. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 2014, 33 (3), 621-31.
Knepper, T. P.; Frömel, T.; Gremmel, C.; van Driezum, I.; Weil, H.; Vestergren, R.; Cousins, I., Understanding the exposure pathways of per- and polyfluoralkyl substances (PFASs) via use of PFASs-Containing products – risk estimation for man and environment. Section IV 2.3 Chemicals, C. S., Lena Vierke, Ed. Federal Environment Agency (Germany): Dessau-Roßlau, 2014; p. 133. https://www.umweltbundesamt.de/publikationen/understanding-the-exposure-…
Tetko, I. V.; Schramm, K. W.; Knepper, T.; Peijnenburg, W. J.; Hendriks, A. J.; Navas, J. M.; Nicholls, I. A.; Oberg, T.; Todeschini, R.; Schlosser, E.; Brandmaier, S., Experimental and theoretical studies in the EU FP7 Marie Curie Initial Training Network Project, Environmental ChemOinformatics (ECO). Altern. Lab. Anim. 2014, 42 (1), 7-11.
Dimzon, I. K.; Ebert, J.; Knepper, T. P., The interaction of chitosan and olive oil: effects of degree of deacetylation and degree of polymerization. Carbohydr. Polym. 2013, 92 (1), 564-70.
Perisa, M.; Babic, S.; Skoric, I.; Fromel, T.; Knepper, T. P., Photodegradation of sulfonamides and their N (4)-acetylated metabolites in water by simulated sunlight irradiation: kinetics and identification of photoproducts. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. Int. 2013, 20 (12), 8934-46.
Dimzon, I. K. D.; Knepper, T. P., TOF-MS within Food and Environmental Analysis. In Book TOF-MS within Food and Environmental Analysis, 2012; Vol. 58, pp 307-338.
Garcia-Galan, M. J.; Fromel, T.; Muller, J.; Peschka, M.; Knepper, T.; Diaz-Cruz, S.; Barcelo, D., Biodegradation studies of N4-acetylsulfapyridine and N4-acetylsulfamethazine in environmental water by applying mass spectrometry techniques. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2012, 402 (9), 2885-96.
Llorca, M.; Farre, M.; Pico, Y.; Muller, J.; Knepper, T. P.; Barcelo, D., Analysis of perfluoroalkyl substances in waters from Germany and Spain. Sci. Total. Environ. 2012, 431, 139-50.
Understanding river-sediment-soil-groundwater interactions for support of management of waterbodies (river basin & catchment areas)
The project’s aim was to obtain a scientific basis for improving the management of a river basin. Research focused on the exact understanding of the entire river-sediment-soil-groundwater system for different temporal and spatial models. Hochschule Fresenius participated in the MONITOR subproject, tasked with the development and validation of analytical methods to detect organic and inorganic pollutants in water, sediment, and soil compartments.
Overall, 46 partners worked together in this EU project.
June 1, 2004 to May 31, 2009
Within this project, nine partners examined the state of water supply in the Western Balkans.
As a first step, industrial and urban wastewater was examined for the presence of so-called “emerging” pollutants. Secondly, improved wastewater treatment methods were installed, especially smaller treatment units. Finally, the results obtained on a laboratory scale were transferred to real conditions in industrial plant effluents. In addition, EMCO was to convey the European standard of water management to the Western Balkan countries.
July 1, 2004 to June 30, 2007
The project aimed to disseminate results and synergies from research projects related to wastewater treatment, sewage, and water management through training courses and congresses.
In addition, cooperation of researchers with national and regional partners from Mediterranean countries was promoted. Overall, 13 partners worked together in this EU project.
January 01, 2007 to May 31, 2010
Analytik Jena and Hochschule Fresenius collaborate to carry out basic research and method development for the determination of halogenated hydrocarbons in environmental analysis using high-resolution continuum source molecular absorption spectrometry (HR-CS MAS).
Analytik Jena is a leading provider of high-end analytical measurement technology, instruments, and products in the fields of biotechnology and molecular diagnostics as well as liquid handling and automation technology. Its portfolio includes both classic analysis technology, in particular for measuring concentrations of elements and molecules, and complete systems for bioanalytical applications in the life science sector, which cover the highly complex analysis cycle of a sample from sample preparation to detection. Automated high-throughput screening systems for the pharmaceutical industry are part of this segment’s extensive portfolio. Precise quality of results and a high degree of operating convenience are the top priorities in the development of the laboratory analysis products of Analytik Jena, which is part of the Swiss Endress+Hauser Group.
IFAR is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment from Analytik Jena for water, environmental, food, and pharmaceutical analysis. In detail, IFAR thus has an optical emission spectrometer (PlasmaQuant® PQ 9000), a mass spectrometer (PlasmaQuant® MS), an atomic absorption spectrometer (contrAA®), a solid TOC analyzer (multi N/C®) and a UV/Vis spectrophotometer (SPECORD®) at its disposal.
As a technical and scientific authority within the Hessian environmental administration, the Hessian Agency for Nature Conservation, Environment and Geology (HLNUG) is in charge of environmental monitoring. It advises ministries and other authorities in a scientific, specialized and practical-orientated manner. Therefore, it cooperates with several universities. Regarding environmental questions, it serves as contact for companies and public.